Gauss-Seidel method

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 06:23, 3 October 2005 (view source)Zxaar (Talk | contribs)← Older edit Revision as of 20:33, 15 December 2005 (view source)Tsaad (Talk | contribs) (fixed dot product notation)Newer edit → Line 1: Line 1: We seek the solution to set of linear equations:
We seek the solution to set of linear equations:
- :$A \bullet X = Q$
+ :$A \cdot X = Q$
For the given matrix '''A''' and vectors '''X''' and '''Q'''.
For the given matrix '''A''' and vectors '''X''' and '''Q'''.

Revision as of 20:33, 15 December 2005

We seek the solution to set of linear equations: $A \cdot X = Q$

For the given matrix A and vectors X and Q.
In matrix terms, the definition of the Gauss-Seidel method can be expressed as : $x^{(k)} = \left( {D - L} \right)^{ - 1} \left( {Ux^{(k - 1)} + q} \right)$
Where D,L and U represent the diagonal, lower triangular and upper triangular matrices of coefficient matrix A and k is iteration counter.

The pseudocode for the Gauss-Seidel algorithm:

Algorithm

Chose an intital guess $X^{0}$ to the solution
for k := 1 step 1 untill convergence do
for i := 1 step until n do $\sigma = 0$
for j := 1 step until i-1 do $\sigma = \sigma + a_{ij} x_j^{(k)}$
end (j-loop)
for j := i+1 step until n do $\sigma = \sigma + a_{ij} x_j^{(k-1)}$
end (j-loop) $x_i^{(k)} = {{\left( {q_i - \sigma } \right)} \over {a_{ii} }}$
end (i-loop)
check if convergence is reached
end (k-loop)