# Sutherland's law

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 17:20, 17 May 2007 (view source)Jola (Talk | contribs)← Older edit Latest revision as of 04:13, 25 October 2008 (view source)JKoff (Talk | contribs) m (2 intermediate revisions not shown) Line 1: Line 1: - In 1893 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Sutherland_(physicist) William Sutherland], an Australian physicist, published a relationship between the dynamic visocity, $\mu$, and the absolute temperature, $T$, of an ideal gas. This formula, often called Sutherland's law, is based on kinetic theory of ideal gases and an idealized intermolecular-force potential. Sutherland's law is still commonly used and most often gives fairly accurate results with an error less than a few percent over a wide range of temperatures. Sutherland's law can be expressed as: + In 1893 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Sutherland_(physicist) William Sutherland], an Australian physicist, published a relationship between the dynamic viscosity, $\mu$, and the absolute temperature, $T$, of an ideal gas. This formula, often called Sutherland's law, is based on kinetic theory of ideal gases and an idealized intermolecular-force potential. Sutherland's law is still commonly used and most often gives fairly accurate results with an error less than a few percent over a wide range of temperatures. Sutherland's law can be expressed as: :$\mu = \mu_{ref} \left( \frac{T}{T_{ref}} \right)^{3/2}\frac{T_{ref} + S}{T + S}$ :$\mu = \mu_{ref} \left( \frac{T}{T_{ref}} \right)^{3/2}\frac{T_{ref} + S}{T + S}$ Line 15: Line 15: :$C_1 = \frac{\mu_{ref}}{T_{ref}^{3/2}}(T_{ref} + S)$ :$C_1 = \frac{\mu_{ref}}{T_{ref}^{3/2}}(T_{ref} + S)$ - {| align=left border=2 + {| border=2 |+ Sutherland's law coefficients: |+ Sutherland's law coefficients: - ! Gas !! $\mu_0 [\frac{kg}{m s}]$ !! $T_0 [K]$ !! $S [K]$ !! $C_1 [\frac{kg}{m s K ^ {0.5}}]$ + ! Gas !! $\mu_0 [\frac{kg}{m s}]$ !! $T_0 [K]$ !! $S [K]$ !! $C_1 [\frac{kg}{m s \sqrt{K}}]$ |- |- | Air | Air

## Latest revision as of 04:13, 25 October 2008

In 1893 William Sutherland, an Australian physicist, published a relationship between the dynamic viscosity, $\mu$, and the absolute temperature, $T$, of an ideal gas. This formula, often called Sutherland's law, is based on kinetic theory of ideal gases and an idealized intermolecular-force potential. Sutherland's law is still commonly used and most often gives fairly accurate results with an error less than a few percent over a wide range of temperatures. Sutherland's law can be expressed as:

$\mu = \mu_{ref} \left( \frac{T}{T_{ref}} \right)^{3/2}\frac{T_{ref} + S}{T + S}$
$T_{ref}$ is a reference temperature.
$\mu_{ref}$ is the viscosity at the $T_{ref}$ reference temperature
S is the Sutherland temperature

Some authors instead express Sutherland's law in the following form:

$\mu = \frac{C_1 T^{3/2}}{T + S}$

Comparing the formulas above the $C_1$ constant can be written as:

$C_1 = \frac{\mu_{ref}}{T_{ref}^{3/2}}(T_{ref} + S)$
Sutherland's law coefficients:
Gas $\mu_0 [\frac{kg}{m s}]$ $T_0 [K]$ $S [K]$ $C_1 [\frac{kg}{m s \sqrt{K}}]$
Air $1.716 \times 10^{-5}$ $273.15$ $110.4$ $1.458 \times 10^{-6}$

## References

• Sutherland, W. (1893), "The viscosity of gases and molecular force", Philosophical Magazine, S. 5, 36, pp. 507-531 (1893).