# Sutherland's law

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 12:57, 17 May 2007 (view source)Jola (Talk | contribs) (New page: * {{reference-paper|author=Sutherland, W.|year=1893|title=The viscosity of gases and molecular force|rest=Philosophical Magazine, S. 5, 36, pp. 507-531 (1893)}})← Older edit Latest revision as of 04:13, 25 October 2008 (view source)JKoff (Talk | contribs) m (9 intermediate revisions not shown) Line 1: Line 1: + In 1893 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Sutherland_(physicist) William Sutherland], an Australian physicist, published a relationship between the dynamic viscosity, $\mu$, and the absolute temperature, $T$, of an ideal gas. This formula, often called Sutherland's law, is based on kinetic theory of ideal gases and an idealized intermolecular-force potential. Sutherland's law is still commonly used and most often gives fairly accurate results with an error less than a few percent over a wide range of temperatures. Sutherland's law can be expressed as: + + :$\mu = \mu_{ref} \left( \frac{T}{T_{ref}} \right)^{3/2}\frac{T_{ref} + S}{T + S}$ + + :$T_{ref}$ is a reference temperature. + :$\mu_{ref}$ is the viscosity at the $T_{ref}$ reference temperature + :S is the Sutherland temperature + + Some authors instead express Sutherland's law in the following form: + + :$\mu = \frac{C_1 T^{3/2}}{T + S}$ + + Comparing the formulas above the $C_1$ constant can be written as: + + :$C_1 = \frac{\mu_{ref}}{T_{ref}^{3/2}}(T_{ref} + S)$ + + {| border=2 + |+ Sutherland's law coefficients: + ! Gas !! $\mu_0 [\frac{kg}{m s}]$ !! $T_0 [K]$ !! $S [K]$ !! $C_1 [\frac{kg}{m s \sqrt{K}}]$ + |- + | Air + | $1.716 \times 10^{-5}$ + | $273.15$ + | $110.4$ + | $1.458 \times 10^{-6}$ + |} + + == References == + * {{reference-paper|author=Sutherland, W.|year=1893|title=The viscosity of gases and molecular force|rest=Philosophical Magazine, S. 5, 36, pp. 507-531 (1893)}} * {{reference-paper|author=Sutherland, W.|year=1893|title=The viscosity of gases and molecular force|rest=Philosophical Magazine, S. 5, 36, pp. 507-531 (1893)}}

## Latest revision as of 04:13, 25 October 2008

In 1893 William Sutherland, an Australian physicist, published a relationship between the dynamic viscosity, $\mu$, and the absolute temperature, $T$, of an ideal gas. This formula, often called Sutherland's law, is based on kinetic theory of ideal gases and an idealized intermolecular-force potential. Sutherland's law is still commonly used and most often gives fairly accurate results with an error less than a few percent over a wide range of temperatures. Sutherland's law can be expressed as:

$\mu = \mu_{ref} \left( \frac{T}{T_{ref}} \right)^{3/2}\frac{T_{ref} + S}{T + S}$
$T_{ref}$ is a reference temperature.
$\mu_{ref}$ is the viscosity at the $T_{ref}$ reference temperature
S is the Sutherland temperature

Some authors instead express Sutherland's law in the following form:

$\mu = \frac{C_1 T^{3/2}}{T + S}$

Comparing the formulas above the $C_1$ constant can be written as:

$C_1 = \frac{\mu_{ref}}{T_{ref}^{3/2}}(T_{ref} + S)$
Sutherland's law coefficients:
Gas $\mu_0 [\frac{kg}{m s}]$ $T_0 [K]$ $S [K]$ $C_1 [\frac{kg}{m s \sqrt{K}}]$
Air $1.716 \times 10^{-5}$ $273.15$ $110.4$ $1.458 \times 10^{-6}$

## References

• Sutherland, W. (1893), "The viscosity of gases and molecular force", Philosophical Magazine, S. 5, 36, pp. 507-531 (1893).